How do Neurotransmitters Work
Updated: Oct 1
Neurotransmitters are made from the amino acid (protein) through a series of steps that require specific co-factors (nutrients). Taking these amino acids and co-factors is the healthy and effective way to improve neurotransmitter levels and optimize function of the brain because the neurotransmitters themselves cannot cross the blood-brain barrier. Neurotransmitters are important chemicals that promote communication within the brain and between the gut and the brain. Brain cells (also found in the gut) require specific amino acids, in combination with certain vitamin and mineral co-factors, in order to produce neurotransmitters. Brain cells communicate with each other by releasing these neurotransmitters from their branch like endings. After being electrically stimulated, the released neurotransmitter drift out into a space between neurons (synaptic gap). The neurotransmitter molecules then attach to neighboring brain cells. They dock at special sites called receptors. Occupied receptors electrically activate the receiving neuron. The electrical current passes through the receiving cell causing the release of its neurotransmitters. This chain of events continues on to the next brain cell. Information is broadcast quickly throughout the brain and the rest of the body by this unique messaging system. When insufficient amounts of neurotransmitters are available for release (due to imbalance or insufficient levels), the brain signal is weak, often resulting in signs and symptoms of neurotransmitter deficiencies. Neurotransmitter deficiencies can be caused by a variety of factors including chronic inflammation, oxidative stress, neurotoxins such as molds and solvents as well as mercury, tick bite (Lyme), viral and fungal infections, genetic predisposition, prolonged emotional or physical stress, aging, poor eating habits, abnormal sleep, certain medications, and/or hormone imbalances.
Neurotransmitter systems As you now know neurotransmitters are either inhibitory or excitatory in their effect on the nervous system. They work in opposing pairs to keep the body’s systems in balance. There are many systems in the body; but the two most studied are the serotonin-catecholamine system and the GABA-glutamate system. The key inhibitory neurotransmitter in the body is Serotonin, the key excitatory neurotransmitters are dopamine, norepinephrine and epinephrine, collectively known as the ‘catecholamines’. The serotonin-catecholamine system controls, either directly or indirectly, most of the other systems and functions in the body.
For example, cortisol synthesis, hormone synthesis and the sympathetic nervous system are all controlled by norepinephrine; mood, body temperature and sleep are regulated by serotonin and norepinephrine; and focus, concentration, memory and fine-motor skills are controlled by dopamine.
Can Levels of Neurotransmitters be Measured and/or Corrected? Neurotransmitter levels have been difficult to measure until recently. Laboratory testing now permits accurate measurement of many neurotransmitters, which allows deficiencies and imbalances of neurotransmitters to be identified and optimally adjusted. Once we identify a deficiency, we can correct it using a specific, medically developed combination of amino acids.
This approach is safe and effective and has been shown by laboratory testing to restore neurotransmitter balance to optimal levels. Results usually occur within days and can be dramatic. This natural, well-researched program has no known side effects and can be safely used by anyone. For more information about "Amino Acid (Neurotransmitter) Therapy” program its effectiveness or to start the program please contact Brain And Body Wellness Center at 972-248-0780